Hanfu Making(10) - Panling Pao and Lanshan Cutting & Sewing Patterns

This section contains Panling Robe (盘领袍), Lanshan (襕衫).
Size range: 165/88A to 185/104A.

Please read the introduction of the topic and how to use this guide in advance.

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Introduction

In the Sui and Tang dynasties, the basic features of the Yuanling Shan (圆领衫, round neck shirt) were narrow sleeves, a slightly shorter length, and a straight strip of cloth standing on top of the collar. Later, the collar of the round neck shirt began to gradually become wider and lower, to the Song dynasty, has completely become the collar edge of the pan collar spreading, while the cuffs become larger, the body of the garment becomes longer.

Ming-style Panling Pao (pan collar robe) added hem on the basis of Song style, its collar production process is generally straight cloth strip folded, and then ironed into shape, along the inner circle with line sewing tight, so that the collar edge curved to fit the round neckline, collar edge end nailed with buttons for fixed.

The Panling Robe was widely used as imperial costumes and official uniforms in the Ming Dynasty, with the basic features of a pan collar, Pipa sleeves or wide sleeves, and hem on both sides of the garment.

Only the emperor could wear clothing with dragon patterns, and the Ming emperor's ministerial uniforms in order of rank would have Mang (蟒), Feiyu (飞鱼), Douniu (斗牛) pattern, which resembled the dragon's pattern.

Officials wore a collar robe according to the color determined by their rank, one to four red, five to seven blue, eight and nine green, with a square cloth with a pattern on the chest, called Buzi (补子), which was a symbol of the official's rank.

For a detailed description of robe pattern and Buzi:

Hanfu Making(10) - Panling Pao and Lanshan Cutting & Sewing Patterns
Hanfu Making(10) - Panling Pao and Lanshan Cutting & Sewing Patterns

The History and Origin of the Feiyu Fu & Jin Yi Wei

Hanfu Making(10) - Panling Pao and Lanshan Cutting & Sewing Patterns
Hanfu Making(10) - Panling Pao and Lanshan Cutting & Sewing Patterns

Hanfu History | The Development of Chinese Robe System

In men's hanfu clothing, there is another kind of typical pan collar clothing, namely, Lanshan (襕衫), which was mostly worn by scholars in the Song and Ming dynasties. The basic features of the Lanshan are the same as those of the panling robe, but the difference is that the fabrics used in the Lanshan shirt are all light-colored, and the collar, sleeves, side edges of the lapels, bottom edges, and hem are all edged with dark green or black edges.

 

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Size chart & How to sew the "Bai"

Hanfu Making(10) - Panling Pao and Lanshan Cutting & Sewing Patterns

How to sew the Bai

Take the left Bai (摆) as an example, Bai can be divided into three pieces: front, middle, and back.

Fold the middle piece along the center axis, sew the front and middle pieces together in the direction of the arrow on the drawing, and sew the sides together with the numbered sides.

Hanfu Making(10) - Panling Pao and Lanshan Cutting & Sewing Patterns

The top view shows the folding direction of the Bai and the stitching of the edges, with the curved dotted line connecting the small edges of the Bai.

As shown below, the sides of the clothes are slit, the back edge of the back Bai (f) is sewn to the back piece of the clothes (f), and the front edge of the front Bai (e) is sewn to the front edge of the clothes (e), according to the arrow and the direction of the same letter, the edges of the same letter should be sewn together.

Hanfu Making(10) - Panling Pao and Lanshan Cutting & Sewing Patterns

 

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Panling Robe (盘领袍)

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Lanshan (襕衫)

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More Hanfu Style Making

Section 1: How to make Zhongyi (中衣)

Section 2: How to make Aoqun (袄裙)

Section 3: How to make Ruqun (襦裙)

Section 4: How to make Beizi (褙子)

Section 5: How to make Pan collar Aoqun (盘领袄)

Section 6: How to make Quju (曲裾)

Section 7: How to make Banbi (半臂)

Section 8: How to make Shuhe (裋褐)

Section 9: How to make Zhiduo Zhishen Daopao (直裰/直身/道袍)

Hanfu Making(10) - Panling Pao and Lanshan Cutting & Sewing Patterns

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