Hanfu Making(2) – Aoqun Cutting & Sewing Patterns

This section contains Aoqun (袄裙), which can be divided into: Duan Ao (短袄), Da Ao (大袄), Mamian Qun (马面裙).

Size range: Duan Ao and Da Ao (155/80A to 175/96A),  Mamian Qun (155/80A to 175/80A).

Please read the introduction of the topic and how to use this guide in advance.

 

 

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Introduction

In the Ming Dynasty, women’s Hanfu clothing is very popular in the form of clothes cover skirt way of dress, the most common “Aoqun (袄裙)” is a Ming Dynasty women’s clothing general term, that is, the upper Ao (袄, jacket) with the lower Qun (裙, skirt) with the way, and not a single piece of clothing. The “Ao” in this section refers to a cross-necked female top, and the “Qun” refers to a Mamian Qun (horse-face skirt).

Early Hanfu tops were mostly called “Ru (襦)”, and after the Wei and Jin Dynasties, they were also called “Ao” and “Shan (衫, shirt)”. Nowadays, it is generally considered that the Aoqun is longer and covers the waist of the skirt, while the one that requires the clothes to be tucked into the waist of the skirt is the Ruqun (襦裙), but both belong to the Ruqun system.

The Ming-style Aoqun are unique and belong to the mid-waist Ruqun system, which is typical of Shangyi Xiachang (上衣下裳); the outer garment is mostly a pipa sleeve with a narrower sleeve edge (2-3 cm), and the collar is usually white with a collar guard; the lower garment can be a Mamian Qun or a normal pleated skirt.

If the top of the Ao is lengthened to cover the knees, it can be called a “Da Ao”. For ease of movement and aesthetics, the top of the Ao is slit on both sides, generally to the crotch and ease of movement.

 

Hanfu Making(2) - Aoqun Cutting & Sewing Patterns

Mamian Qun is actually made up of two separate skirt pieces that are joined together by a skirt waist, but the two pieces are only partially overlapped and not sewn together directly.

The skirt is not pleated on the left or right side, but is pleated in the middle, with the root of the pleats sewn into the waist of the skirt, and ties are sewn on both ends of the waist, the unpleated parts are overlapped and the pleated parts are naturally spread out, and the number and size of the pleats are based on the actual waist circumference. As the picture shows:

Hanfu Making(2) - Aoqun Cutting & Sewing Patterns

 

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Size chart

Hanfu Making(2) - Aoqun Cutting & Sewing Patterns

Hanfu Making(2) - Aoqun Cutting & Sewing Patterns

Hanfu Making(2) - Aoqun Cutting & Sewing Patterns

 

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Duan Ao (短袄)

 

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Da Ao (大袄)

 

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Mamian Qun (马面裙)

 

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More Hanfu Style Making

Section 1: How to make Zhongyi (中衣)

Section 3: How to make Ruqun (襦裙)

Section 4: How to make Beizi (褙子)

Section 5: How to make Pan collar Aoqun (盘领袄)

Section 6: How to make Quju (曲裾)

Section 7: How to make Banbi (半臂)

Section 8: How to make Shuhe (裋褐)

Hanfu Making(2) - Aoqun Cutting & Sewing Patterns

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