Chinese culture is one of the oldest in the world. That is why the country has many ancient cities, which are well preserved and have become places really worth seeing.
Since time immemorial, China has been considered a “Celestial Empire” where divine and mortal beings live together. And Chinese culture is the only culture in the world that has a continuous recorded history of over 5,000 years.
Accordingly, even today there are countless ancient cities, some of which are really very well preserved. These historical sites are now some of the most fascinating and must-see attractions in the entire country. Which of these great cities you definitely have to see once in your life, we tell you here.
The small town of Daxu has located 20 km from Guilin on the Li River. Its history goes back over 2,000 years. It was once the terminus of the southern Silk Roads and flourished in the Middle Ages due to trade. Today you can still admire traditional Chinese architecture. Beautiful stone streets, marketplaces, and bridges, as well as ancient buildings that are incredibly well preserved.
The old city of Pingyao has around 40,000 inhabitants and a 2,700 year old history. It was the first place in China to be named a UNESCO World Heritage Site and it looks the same today as it did 300 years ago. Time seems to have stopped there. The 6 km long city wall, two-story brick houses, and ancient temples are breathtakingly beautiful. By the way, Pingyao was the financial center of the country in the 14th century.
The old town of Shanghai
Shanghai is the largest city in China today. However, in the old city, you can admire ancient temples, gardens, and buildings, which are illuminated at night by thousands of colorful lanterns and lights. Like the “City God Temple” for example. The ancient part stretches from Renmin Road to Zhonghua Road. In the past, the ancient city was surrounded by high walls, but they were dismantled in 1912 to open the doors to the world.
The ancient city of Fenghuang is also called “Phoenix City” and is located on the Tuojiang River in Hunan Province. It is surrounded by beautiful scenery, nestled among magnificent mountains. The well-preserved buildings from the Ming and Qing periods are considered pearls of Chinese architectural art. No wonder it is by far one of the most beautiful old Chinese cities.
The city of Xi’an was once the seat of the rulers of the Zhou, Qin, Han, and Tang dynasties. It also marks the eastern terminus of the Silk Roads. It is also a place full of history and offers a fascinating glimpse into an ancient culture. Sights include the Terracotta Army, the ancient city wall, the tomb of the first emperor, and the Shaanxi History Museum.
The ancient city of Nanjing was even the capital of China for a time during the Ming Dynasty, and still has well-preserved monuments from that period. Among them is the Gate of China, the Sun Yatsen Mausoleum, the tomb of Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang, and the Confucius Temple. In addition, Nanjing is located on the Yangtze River and therefore offers a magnificent view, the possibility for beautiful boat trips, and a beautiful ancient park.
The city of Kaifeng is also one of the most beautiful ancient cities in China and has an extensive historical heritage. It was the capital of the empire during the Song Dynasty and experienced its heyday at that time. Today, you can still admire buildings from that time, such as the Kaifeng Iron Pagoda, Daxiangguo Monastery, and Qingming Park. A great trip into the history of the former imperial city.
Beijing or Peking is the capital of China today. It looks back on three thousand years of history and is home to the most beautiful legacies of the imperial past. Besides the Great Wall and the Imperial Palace in the Forbidden City, the Temple of Heaven and the Summer Palace are absolutely worth seeing. Beijing is an absolute must-see on your China trip.
The ancient city of Luoyang is considered one of the cradles of Chinese civilization. It is also one of the four great ancient capitals of the country. More than 70 emperors from a total of 9 dynasties chose Luoyang as their headquarters. Due to its continuous growth and prosperity, it developed into one of the most important metropolises of the time. And it is still a place full of historical sights today.
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