What is Traditional Chinese Makeup? (1)

The history of Chinese women’s make-up is very long. After the rotation of dynasties, the traditional Chinese makeup has changed with the development of the times, reflecting the changes in customs and thoughts in each era. We will prepare a series of articles to introduce traditional Chinese makeup.

Ancient traditional Chinese makeup

Throughout the ages, women have different ways and methods to make themselves more beautiful. Compared with the modern, ancient women are more conservative and implicit, but they also have their own set of “secret weapons”.

As early as in the cultural relics unearthed in the Warring States period, it can be seen from them that at that time, women had the habit of thrushing and use rouge. That is to say, more than 2000 years ago in China, cosmetics had appeared.

What is Traditional Chinese Makeup? (1)
Of course, ancient China was an agricultural society, always in a state of self-sufficiency, and cosmetics were no exception. At that time, cosmetics were mainly made of pure natural plant and animal oils, and some natural spices were added. The general production process includes boiling, fermentation, filtration, etc. compared with the modern cosmetics production process, it is still relatively simple. Therefore, compared with modern women, ancient women have fewer kinds of cosmetics. However, even so, they can not extinguish their enthusiasm and willingness to whitewash and dress up.

Base make up

1. Lead powder

As early as the Shang Dynasty, in order to make their skin look white and delicate, people directly applied lead powder to the face, and it was the most common way of makeup at that time. “Sheng Nong’s herbal classic” also mentions that women make up with lead and tin powder. You should know that lead is highly toxic and does great harm to the skin, which is why ancient poetry always laments that beauty is easily lost.

What is Traditional Chinese Makeup? (1)

modern reduction of lead powder

2. Rice powder

In fact, as early as before the lead powder, people still have relatively safe base makeup products, the earliest use of rice powder is made by the rice.

“Qimin Yaoshu (齐民要术)” also records the method of making rice powder in detail. The selection of rice is exquisite. It is not directly used after grinding into a fine powder, but also processed, soaked in cold water, fermented and rotted, then cleaned and drained, then exposed to the sun, and finally used for makeup. However, the adhesion of rice powder is not good, and it is easy to fall off once it moves, so it is quickly eliminated by the later lead powder.

Color makeup

Compared with modern times, ancient make-up is not so elaborate and simple. It can be generalized into three categories: blush, eyebrows, lipstick.
What is Traditional Chinese Makeup? (1)

1. Blush

Blush also has a beautiful name in ancient times called Yanzhi (胭脂, rouge).

Rouge is a kind of cosmetics made from a kind of flower named “Hong Lan” as the main raw material after being mixed. After the Huns were introduced into the Central Plains, the production of rouge was not only limited to plants, but also added with oil, animal bone marrow, etc. to make its texture more viscous, forming a state of lipstick to adapt to different needs. Since then, the use of rouge has become more abundant.

What is Traditional Chinese Makeup? (1)

2. Lipstick

Lipstick is a popular aesthetic fashion product since the pre-Qin Dynasty. But in ancient times, it was called Chun Zhi (唇脂), or Kou Zhi (口脂). In ancient times, the color of lipstick was mostly red, which could make the color of lips more gorgeous, make people look better, more youthful and energetic. Therefore, it was deeply loved by ancient women. The painting methods of the female lip make-up in the past dynasties are different, but they can’t escape the similar aesthetics, that is, the smaller the lips, the better.
What is Traditional Chinese Makeup? (1)

3. Eyebrows

Eyebrow painting began in the Warring States period, but the tools for eyebrow painting did not appear at that time. The beauty-loving women used burnt willow branches as eyebrow pens. Later, “Dai (黛)” appeared. It is a kind of mineral with a dark blue color. Before use, Dai must be put on the stone inkstone and ground into powder shape. Then, add water to mix.

In the Han Dynasty, it became more common and common to decorate the eyebrows, and it also derived a new aesthetic. The more women drew eyebrows, the better they looked. In a word, there are many ways to draw eyebrows in ancient times. It can also be seen from this that the ancient people were keen on drawing eyebrows at that time.

What is Traditional Chinese Makeup? (1)

The aesthetic of the ancients is different from that of us now, and the modern popular makeup is also different from traditional Chinese makeup, but what is unchangeable is the heart that human beings have been pursuing good things for thousands of years.

More about traditional makeup:

What is Traditional Chinese Makeup? (1)
What is Traditional Chinese Makeup? (1)

History of Tang Dynasty Makeup Style

The Tang dynasty makeup style can almost be said to be the most versatile in the entire ancient history of China, because both in terms of national power and politics, the Tang dynasty almost reached the pinnacle of history, and because of this prosperity, the makeup of the women's makeup in the people's peace of environment constantly changing refinement. With the transformation of the early Tang Dynasty, the flourishing Tang Dynasty, and the middle and late Tang Dynasty, the makeup was also making different changes, and for this reason, some special makeups were created, as we can see from the many ancient wall paintings and drawings.   Early Tang Dynasty makeup style: the beauty of simplicity In the early Tang Dynasty, influenced by the short-lived Sui Dynasty (581-617), the royal family did not pursue luxury and advocated simplicity. Therefore, the overall makeup of the women's more subtle and graceful, to…
What is Traditional Chinese Makeup? (1)
What is Traditional Chinese Makeup? (1)

Huadian – A Special Hanfu Makeup for Female

Beautiful make-up has been an indispensable hot topic in women's life since ancient times. Chinese ancient women's make-up of each evolution in the long history will leave endless reverie and wisdom for future generations. Chinese dramas such as "The Longest Day In Chang'an" and "Serenade of Peaceful Joy" in the last two years have caused audiences to explore ancient women's makeup. The stunning red pattern - Huadian, on the forehead of the woman we see most often, also contains countless charming and touching stories.   The Origin of Huadian The red pattern on a woman's forehead in ancient times is called "Huadian (花钿)", a special accessory for women's facial makeup. There is a beautiful legend about the rise of Huadian. According to the legend, Princess Shouyang, daughter of Liu Yu, Emperor Songwu of the Southern Dynasty, was resting outside of the Hall of the Hanzhang one day. The plum tree…
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