This article introduces you to the components of the Hanfu upper garment. Use the most common cross-collar shirt for demonstration.
This is a Ming Dynasty women's woven gold cross-collar short shirt currently in the Confucius Museum in Shandong.
1. Guard collar (Huling, 护领): added to the outside of the collar parts, shorter than the collar, made of plain cloth, can be used to prevent wear and tear dirty.
2. Lapel (Jin, 襟, jīn): it refers to the edge of the chest part of the clothes, which is the collar edge of the clothes with cross collar and straight collar.
3. Ren (衽, rèn): refers to the chest part of the clothes. The Ren of Hanfu is usually covered to the right (when viewed from the front, the right lapel covers the left lapel), which is called You Ren (右衽, right overlapping).
4. Du (裻, dú): refers to the middle seam of the clothes, due to the narrow width of the cloth in ancient times, will be seamed in the middle of the back, called the Zhong Feng (中缝, middle seam).
5. Lacing: The rope belt used to fix the clothes.
6. Ge (袼, gē): refers to the sleeve root, which is the part of the sleeve that is attached to the body of the garment.
7. Sleeve (Xiu, 袖): the sleeve of the garment. Traditionally, the sleeve is the border of the cloth, which is determined by the size of the cloth, unlike modern clothing where the sleeve is attached at the shoulder.
8. Left side of the garment.
9. Right side of the garment.
10. Mei (袂, mèi): the part between the Ge (袼) and the Qu (袪), that is, the part of the sleeve that is attached.
11. Qu (袪, qù): refers to the cuffs. Some styles of Hanfu have narrower cuffs than the sleeves, so they are called "closing the cuffs (收袖)".
Meanwhile, I found a few modern Hanfu for your reference.