Origin & Development
Bijia was designed and made by the empress of Kublai Khan (the emperor of the Yuan Dynasty). At the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty, Bijia was worn by the emperor, and later gradually became popular among the people. Since the application of buttons in clothes appeared in the Yuan Dynasty, buttons have also been used in Bijia, which is more convenient and compact to wear. This is a new change in traditional Chinese outfits.
Shape & Style
- In the Yuan Dynasty, Bijia was sleeveless and collarless, and the back of the garment was longer than the front, with two buttons made of thread on each side of the split, it was originally designed for the convenience of riding. The front chest and back are not cold and the arms can move freely.In the Ming Dynasty, Bijia was similar to sleeveless Beizi (褙子), which was smaller than Beizi. The shape is long, round neck or straight neck.
- In the Ming Dynasty, Bijia was similar to sleeveless Beizi (褙子), which was smaller than Beizi. The shape is long, round neck or straight neck.
- During the Qing Dynasty, Bijia styles included round neck, straight neck and cross neck, sleeveless or short sleeve, as long as hip or knee, some 10 cm from the ground.
In the Yuan Dynasty, Bijia was usually worn outside the shirt and Ao (袄). Mongolian women liked to embroider the Bijia, which was pretty. In Ming and Qing Dynasties, Bijia not only has practical advantages but also can make women’s figure thin visually and have a sense of slim and charming. In addition, the decorative pattern of Bijia has the decorative characteristics of traditional Chinese arts and crafts, which simply deduces the beautiful beauty of Ming dynasty women’s clothing.
Bijia is wearing clothes on the outside, shirt on the inside and long skirt under. In order to highlight the color effect of Bijia, interior clothing is plain in most cases.