The full name of Hanfu is “traditional Han clothing”, also known as Han Clothes, Han Costume and Chinese Dress, which were worn from Emperor Huang’s reign to the middle of the 17th century (late Ming and early Qing dynasties). It is the embodiment of China’s “Clothes on the Crown” and “State of Manners”, and carries the outstanding craftsmanship and aesthetics of the Han nationality, such as dyeing, weaving and embroidery, and has inherited more than 30 Chinese intangible cultural heritages and protected Chinese arts and crafts.
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According to the Records of the Grand Historian of China, “Ancient Chinese clothing was made by the Yellow Emperor” and “Before the Yellow Emperor, there were no clothes and houses. And the Yellow Emperor made houses, clothes, funerals, and burials, so all the people were spared the difficulty of survival.”
The earliest appearance of Chinese dress would have been during the Yin Shang period before there was any archaeological physical support for the age. About 5,000 years ago, during the Neolithic period of the Yangshao culture in China, primitive agriculture and weaving arose, and began to use the woven Hemp cloth was used to make clothes, silkworms and silk spinning were invented by Leizu, the wife of the Yellow Emperor, and people’s clothing was perfected.
Hanfu is cut from two feet two inches (50cm) wide cloth and is divided into ten parts, such as the collar, the cuff of sleeves, sleeve, belt, etc. Take two pieces of cloth of equal length, fold them in half respectively as front lapel and back train, and sew them together in the middle of the back. If there is no overlapping part in the front lapel, it is a straight collar coat. If you take another piece of cloth, cut it into two overlaps and sew it to the left and right lapels, then you have a slanted collar and right overlap. The middle seam of the front placket and back train is called Du, Du Meridian, or Ren Meridian. The overlapping part is on the right side of Ren Meridian, so it is called right overlapping (the collar is in Y shape).
The length of Ju is divided into the middle of the waist, the top of the knee and the top of the foot. Depending on the length of the Ju, the Hanfu comes in three lengths: Ru, Shu, and Shenyi, the seam between the sleeve and the train is called Ge, and the cuffs of the sleeves are called Qu. A complete set of Hanfu usually has three layers: small clothing ( underwear), middle clothing, and large clothing.
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Hanfu was so influential due to the spread of the Chinese Confucian royal culture that neighboring peoples, including many other The Confucian cultural circle (Sinosphere) countries, borrowed certain features of the Hanfu by emulating the Chinese ceremonial system for the five ancient rituals.
Whether it was a foreign monarch, his emissaries or his vassals paying homage to the Chinese emperor, accepting official duties and making contributions, or the Chinese emperor hosting a banquet for a foreign monarch, the foreign monarch had to wear the national costume to serve the rituals. The system of national costumes prompted neighboring peoples to develop their own national costumes.
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